Scientific name: Iris.

Common name: iris

English name: iris.

Parts used: root.

A family of herbaceous bulbous or rhizome plants comprising 1850 species. It has a cosmopolitan distribution, however favouring temperate or tropical regions. Saffron is obtained from Crocus sativus, which in addition to food use, has been used as a remedy for exanthematic diseases.

The most common specimens are Iris florentina, Iris germanica and Iris pallida.

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